Rheumatic diseases affect the musculoskeletal system and may cause pain, swelling and stiffness. These conditions range from mild to severe and can interfere with day-to-day activities.
In this article, we are going to review three of the most common rheumatic diseases and the warning signs. It is important to recognize and address your symptoms as soon as possible. If you think you may have any of these rheumatic conditions, it is important to contact a licensed rheumatologist in Northwest Indiana. With early diagnosis and treatment, the symptoms of rheumatic diseases can be managed and slowed down.
Osteoarthritis is one of the most common forms of rheumatic disease, affecting 32.5 million U.S. adults. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that occurs when the cartilage in the joints breaks down and wears away, leading to pain and stiffness.
Osteoarthritis is more common among women, aged 45 and older, those who are overweight, have a family history of arthritis and those who have suffered a joint injury. If you are experiencing frequent pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints, it is best to schedule an appointment with a licensed rheumatologist in Northwest Indiana. These symptoms may be accompanied by a grinding sensation or sound when the joints are moved.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation in the joints, resulting in pain, swelling, stiffness and decreased function. RA affects more women than men and usually begins between the ages of 30 to 50. The cause of RA is unknown, but it can be triggered by certain environmental factors, such as infections, smoking and stress.
The most common symptoms of RA are pain and stiffness in the joints. Other symptoms include joint swelling, tenderness, warmth, decreased range of motion and fatigue. Over time, RA may cause cartilage and bone damage, leading to joint deformity and disability.
Gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints and other tissues. It is one of the oldest known forms of arthritis and is usually characterized by sudden, severe episodes of pain and tenderness, swelling, redness and warmth in the affected joint. These episodes may last anywhere from a few days to weeks or even months. Commonly affected areas are the big toe, knee, ankle, wrist, elbow or shoulder. If a licensed rheumatologist does not treat gout early, it may lead to permanent damage to the joint, as well as recurrent flare-ups.
Gout is often associated with an unhealthy lifestyle, such as being overweight and consuming too much alcohol and foods high in purines (a type of organic compound found in some foods that can increase uric acid levels). Other risk factors include high blood pressure, diabetes, kidney disease and certain medications.
Lupus is an autoimmune disease that affects the joints, skin and other organs in the body. It is a chronic condition that may cause joint pain, stiffness and swelling, as well as other symptoms such as fatigue, fever and rash. Lupus is also known as systemic lupus erythematosus.
The most common symptoms of lupus are extreme fatigue, joint pain, rash and fever. A butterfly-shaped rash across the face and nose may be present in some individuals with lupus. Other symptoms may include swollen glands, headaches, depression, chest pain and sensitivity to the sun. In more severe cases, lupus can cause kidney damage and anemia.
Are you experiencing any of these symptoms associated with rheumatic diseases? If so, it is imperative that you schedule an appointment with a reputable rheumatologist in Northwest Indiana. At 219 Health Network, our team of licensed rheumatologists can help you determine the cause of your symptoms and create a personalized plan of action to manage your condition. Contact us today at (833) 219-0001 to schedule an appointment.